On Saturday, December 12, 2015, at 7:27 p.m. local time, a new Paris agreement on global climate change was born after four years of labor taxation. The much-anticipated birth was quickly followed by a multitude of self-praises by many parents in the room, almost all overwhelmed by joy and bursting with pride. There are several opportunities to integrate flexibility mechanisms into the broader transparency framework. The extent, degree of detail or frequency of reporting can all be adapted and modulated according to a country`s capacity. The requirement to carry out technical checks in the country could be lifted for some less developed or small island developing states. Capacity assessment opportunities include financial and human resources in a country needed for NDC verification.  The Paris Agreement also enshrines the principle that countries must meet their commitments. The principle remains controversial, particularly whether nations will submit to audits in the country. Negotiators agreed that countries will undergo a “technical review of experts,” so that developing countries retain limited “flexibility” but still develop when they can prove they need it. There is little good reason to “be flexible” in terms of transparency and it is important that large emitters such as China are not able to move away from accountability.
But technology could simplify this problem: measuring emissions from different countries will probably be done soon by satellite. This CFR context compares countries` actions to combat climate change. The Paris Agreement survived the U.S. withdrawal and standardized net zero, but emissions continue to rise and vulnerable people suffer from climate disasters The long-term goal of the Paris Agreement is to keep global average temperature rise well below 2 degrees Celsius (3.6 degrees Fahrenheit) above pre-industrial levels; and to continue efforts to limit the increase to 1.5 degrees Celsius, while acknowledging that this would significantly reduce the risks and effects of climate change. This should require a rapid reduction in emissions to achieve “a balance between anthropogenic emissions from sources and the reduction of greenhouse gases from wells” in the second half of the 21st century. It also means increasing the parties` ability to adapt to the negative effects of climate change and “reconciling financial flows with a way to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and climate-resistant development.” Nevertheless, the Paris agreement seems to maintain its resolve, at least at first, as its 178 signatories have shown.